Peritoneal Mesothelioma Prognosis can be grim – sometimes less than a year. By the time a person seeks medical attention, the tumors associated with the condition have already formed, and fluid is collecting in the abdominal cavity. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for a doctor to misdiagnose a mesothelioma patient several times before getting it right. This time-consuming process wastes valuable time that could be used to treat the cancer. Generally speaking, though, the earlier any cancer is caught, the better the chances are for successful treatment and increased survival time.
Types of Mesothelioma Cancer Cells
The histology, or type of mesothelioma cancer cells present in a person’s abdominal cavity, plays a role in the available treatment methods and therefore also in the patient’s survival time. There are three kinds of cancer cells that cause tumors to become malignant. Extensive lab testing will help a doctor to determine what kind of cancer cells is causing the problem.
Epithelioid mesothelioma cancer cells begin in the epithelial layer of tissue surrounding the organs. They are the most common form of cancer cell and account for about 75 percent of all mesothelioma cases. Sarcomatoid mesothelioma cancer cells are rarer, accounting for less than 20 percent of cases. This particular cancer cell arises from bones, muscles, and fat and is less responsive to treatment. Malignant mesothelioma tumors that are made up of both types of cancer cells are labeled as biphasic. Biphasic mesothelioma patients are often given an estimated six months to live.
Doctors base their treatment plans on a variety of factors. The patient’s age and overall health, as well as their wishes, play a role in the process, as do the type of mesothelioma cancer cells, the stage of the disease, the location of the tumors, and whether the cancer has spread to the lymphatic system or metastasized to other areas of the body. Most mesothelioma patients are over the age of 65 and may be facing other health issues that limit their options.
If a patient is strong enough, and the cancer has been detected relatively early, surgery to remove cancerous tissue may be an option. Surgery may be accompanied by chemotherapy and/or radiation, or these treatments may be given alone.
Other patients choose to pursue pain management and find other ways to make their time as comfortable as possible instead of subjecting themselves to often debilitating treatment.
Timely diagnosis and proper treatment can improve the Peritoneal Mesothelioma Prognosis.