Stage 3 Mesothelioma Treatment is the most common stages treatment starts from. Mesothelioma’s latency period and confusing symptoms make the condition difficult to detect during its early stages. As a result, an accurate diagnosis is not usually made until the disease has reached Stage III or Stage IV.
Limited Surgical Options
While surgery to remove the cancer is generally most feasible during Stages I or II, a variety of treatments is still available for Stage 3 Mesothelioma Treatment. Two procedures, thoracentesis and paracentesis, remove the fluid accumulated in the chest and abdominal cavities. These procedures may help alleviate pressure and pain and can often be performed as outpatient surgery.
Radiation and Chemotherapy
Mesothelioma is rarely treated with only one form of therapy, as most doctors prefer a multi-modal approach. Accordingly, doctors often recommend radiation or chemotherapy in addition to the thoracentesis or paracentesis. Radiation is a process by which the cancerous cells are treated with radioactive waves. It kills them at the molecular level to keep them from reproducing. Brachytherapy, a form of radiation in which tiny radioactive rods are inserted either around the tumor or directly into it, targets the cancer cells in that area. Radiation is intended to reduce the severity of symptoms, including chest pain and breathing difficulty.
Chemotherapy treats mesothelioma with drugs that target and kill the cancerous cells. Like radiation, chemotherapy aims to reduce the symptoms associated with the cancer, such as breathing problems and pain. It is also used to make radiation therapy and immunotherapy more effective. Chemotherapy drugs are sometimes given alone, but they’re mostly prescribed in combination to boost their effectiveness.
As with earlier stages of mesothelioma, patients may find some relief through participation in clinical trials. Many clinical trials are currently being conducted, seeking ways to help relieve pain and advance the medical and scientific understanding of the disease.
While later-stage mesothelioma is more difficult to treat, these solutions can be effective. Together, doctors and patients can determine the process and procedures that are best for the patient.